Exotic Food Inc., Capital Budgeting Case

CASE SUMMARY

Exotic Food Inc., a food processing company located in Herndon, VA,  is considering adding a new division to produce fresh ginger juice.  Following the ongoing TV buzz about significant health benefits derived  from ginger consumption, the managers believe this drink will be a hit.  However, the CEO questions the profitability of the venture given the  high costs involved. To address his concerns, you have been asked to  evaluate the project using three capital budgeting techniques (i.e.,  NPV, IRR and Payback) and present your findings in a report.

CASE OVERVIEW

The main equipment required is a commercial food processor which  costs $200,000. The shipping and installation cost of the processor from  China is $50,000.  The processor will be depreciated under the MACRS  system using the applicable depreciation rates are 33%, 45%, 15%, and 7%  respectively.  Production is estimated to last for three years, and the  company will exit the market before intense competition sets in and  erodes profits. The market value of the processor is expected to be  $100,000 after three years. Net working capital of $2,000 is required at  the start, which will be recovered at the end of the project. The juice  will be packaged in 20 oz. containers that sell for $3.00 each. The  company expects to sell 150,000 units per year; cost of goods sold is  expected to total 70% of dollar sales.

Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC):

Exotic Food’s common stock is currently listed at $75 per share; new  preferred stock sells for $80 per share and pays a dividend of $5.00.  Last year, the company paid dividends of $2.00 per share for common  stock, which is expected to grow at a constant rate of 10%.  The local  bank is willing to finance the project at 10.5% annual interest. The  company’s marginal tax rate is 35%, and the optimum target capital  structure is:

Common equity

50%

Preferred

20%

Debt

30%

Your main task is to compute and evaluate the cash flows using  capital budgeting techniques, analyze the results, and present your  recommendations whether the company should take on the project.

QUESTIONS

To help in the analysis, answer all the following questions.  Present the analysis in one Excel file with the data, computations,  formulas, and solutions. It is preferred that the Excel file be embedded  inside the WORD document (question 8).

1. What is the total investment amount at the start of the project (i.e., year zero cash flow)?

2. What is the depreciation amount for each year?

· Create a depreciation schedule

3. What is the after-tax salvage value of the equipment?

4. What is the projected net income and Operating Cash Flows (OCF) for the three years?

· Complete an income statement for each year.

5. What are the Free Cash Flows (FCF) generated from the project?

· Create a projected cash flow schedule

6. What is the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)?

· Compute the after-tax cost of debt

· Compute the cost of common equity

· Compute the cost of preferred stock

· Compute the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC)

7. Using a WACC of 15%, apply four capital budgeting techniques to  evaluate the project, assuming the Free Cash Flows are as follows:

Years

Free Cash Flows

0

$ -252,000.00

1

$118,625.00

2

$127,125.00

3

$181,000.00

The four techniques are NPV, IRR, MIRR, and discounted Payback.  Assume the reinvestment rate to be 8% for the MIRR. Also, assume that  the business will only accept projects with a payback period of two and  half years or less.

Present your findings in a report to the CEO with recommendations as  to whether the project should be accepted or rejected based on the four  criteria. Your analysis should include a discussion of the  decision-making rules for each method. A Word file with the analysis and  recommendations written using APA writing style, according to the APA  format.

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