Religion and Human Rights
In this paper, I will argue that the Islam religious tradition should just like Christianity support the right of every person to equal treatment and freedom from discrimination in spite of the disparities in gender and religious beliefs since the Islam tradition teaches that all people are divine beings and that being a Muslim means upholding the humanity of all human beings irrespective of their gender, religion, race, and other factors while Christianity portrays the presence of equality in human rights throughout the New and the Old Testament.
The discrimination based on gender against women in the Islamic religion is unnecessary and uncalled for. Many international advocates of human rights that are Muslim assert that the Sharia and the ijitihad should be re-evaluated to develop critical thinking in the administration of justice (An-Na’im 65). Moreover, these advocates also seek the reinterpretation of the Qurann and the Sunna of the Prophet to come up with a clear stand on the equality of human rights (An-Na’im 65). Feminist scholars also support these assertions and they argue that being a Muslim means affirming the humanity of all human beings, regardless of the of their religion, gender, race, and other factors thus discrediting the presence of gender discrimination in Islam (An-Na’im 65).
Christianity and Islam are subject to the universal declaration of human rights
by the World’s religions which embraces the equality of all human beings
despite their gender and religious affiliations. The second article of this
declaration affirms that human beings are one family and they should enjoy
their rights and freedoms without any instances of discrimination such as race,
colour, sex, sexual orientation, language, religious beliefs, political
opinion, class and disability (Sharma 4). In addition to that, Christianity is
bound by unconditional love that cuts across all human beings. Karl Barth
argued, “We should not be talking about rights, we should be talking about
agape love” (Wolterstorff 47)
An-Na’im, Abdullahi A. “Islam and human rights: Beyond the universality debate.” Proceedings of the Annual Meeting (American Society of International Law). The American Society of International Law, 2000.
Sharma, Arvind. “A universal declaration of human rights by the world’s religions.” (1999).
Wolterstorff, Nicolas P. “Christianity and human rights.” Religion and Human Rights: An Introduction (2012): 42-55.